ATO Releases JobKeeper Alternative Test

Posted 23 Apr

ATO Releases JobKeeper Alternative Test

The ATO have released today legislation of the alternative test for JobKeeper. The alternative tests will only kick in if an entity cannot satisfy the basic decline in turnover test. We believe most clients who fail the basic test will be looking at test No 1 or 4. The alternative tests will only apply to seven circumstances, as below:

Tests

  1. Business Commenced (less than 12 months ago)
  2. Business acquisition or disposal that changed the entity’s turnover
  3. Business restructure that changed the entity’s turnover
  4. Business had substantial increase in turnover (ie where prior year turnover is not representative of this year’s turnover/business operations)
  5. Business affected by drought or natural disaster
  6. Business has an irregular turnover
  7. Sole trader or small partnership with sickness, injury or leave

Test 1. These include where an entity commenced business after the relevant comparison period in 2019 or the business did not exist in the relevant comparison period and as a result there was no relevant comparison period in 2019.


Test 2 & 3. It will also cover a circumstance where an entity acquired or disposed of part of their business after the relevant comparison period in 2019; and where an entity has restructured part or all of their business after the relevant comparison period in 2019.

Test 4. Entities who had an increase in turnover by 50% or more in the 12 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period, or 25% or more in the 6 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period, or 12.5% or more in the 3 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period will also be covered.

Test 5. The alternative test will also cover entities affected by a drought or other natural disaster in the relevant comparison period in 2019; and entities who have an irregular turnover that is not cyclical, such as can occur in the building and construction sector.

Test 7. A sole trader or a small partnership where the sole trader or one of the partners did not work for all or part of the relevant comparison period because they were sick, injured or on leave during the relevant comparison period and those circumstances affects the turnover of the sole trader or partnership will also be covered.

Each of the seven circumstances have their own alternative test that is detailed in the legislative information below. 

Alternative decline in turnover tests

TEST 1: Business commenced less than 12 months

(1) An entity applies either of the alternative tests under this section if the entity commenced business before 1 March 2020 but after the relevant comparison period.

(2) The first alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity uses the average monthly current GST turnover instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) if the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity multiplies the average monthly current GST turnover by three and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(3) The average monthly current GST turnover is:

(a) if the entity commenced business before 1 February 2020, the entity’s current GST turnover for each whole month after the entity commenced business and before 1 March 2020 added together and divided by the number of whole months, or

(b) if the entity started business before 1 March 2020, but on or after 1 February 2020, the entity’s current GST turnover before 1 March 2020, divided by the number of days the entity was in business and multiplied by 29.

(4) The second alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity divides the 3 months’ current GST turnover by 3 and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) if the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity uses the 3 months’ current GST turnover instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(5) The second alternative test in subsection (4) is not available if the entity had not commenced business at least 3 months before 1 March 2020.

(6) The 3 months’ current GST turnover is the total current GST turnover in the 3 months immediately before 1 March 2020.

(7) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (6), if the entity:

(a) qualified for the ATO’s Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals, then exclude the calendar months covered by the Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals from the calculation, unless those are the only months since the entity commenced the business, or

(b) received Drought Help concessions, then exclude the months covered by the Drought Help concessions from the calculation, unless those are the only months since the entity commenced the business.

TEST 2. Business acquisition or disposal that changed the entity’s turnover

(1) An entity applies the alternative test under this section if:

(a) there was an acquisition or disposal of part of their business after the relevant comparison period and before the applicable turnover test period, and

(b) the acquisition or disposal changed the entity’s turnover.

(2) The alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity uses the current GST turnover from the month immediately after the month in which the acquisition or disposal occurred instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) if the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity multiplies the current GST turnover from the month immediately after the month in which the acquisition or disposal occurred by three and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), if there is more than one acquisition or disposal that occurs sequentially after the relevant comparison period and before the applicable turnover test period, then use the whole month immediately after the last acquisition or disposal.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), if there is no whole month after the last acquisition or disposal and before the applicable turnover test period, then use the month immediately before the applicable turnover test period.

(5) For the purposes of subsections (2), (3) and (4), if the entity:

(a) qualified for the ATO’s Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals, then exclude the months covered by the Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals and use the nearest month before or after the acquisition or disposal as appropriate, unless the months covered by the concession are the only months available, or

(b) received Drought Help concessions, then exclude the months covered by the Drought Help concessions and use the nearest month before or after the acquisition or disposal as appropriate, unless the months covered by the concession are the only months available.

TEST 3. Business restructure that changed the entity’s turnover

(1) An entity applies the alternative test under this section if:

(a) there was a restructure of their business, or part thereof, after the relevant comparison period and before the applicable turnover test period, and

(b) the restructure changed the entity’s turnover.

(2) The alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity uses the current GST turnover from the month immediately after the month in which the restructure occurred instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) if the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity multiplies the current GST turnover from the month immediately after the month in which the restructure occurred by three and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), if there is more than one restructure that occurs sequentially after the relevant comparison period and before the applicable turnover test period, then use the whole month immediately after the last restructure.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (2), if there is no whole month after the last restructure and before the applicable turnover test period, then use the month immediately before the applicable turnover test period.

(5) For the purposes of subsections (2), (3) and (4), if the entity:

(a) qualified for the ATO’s Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals, then exclude the months covered by the Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals and use the nearest month before or after the restructure as appropriate, unless the months covered by the concession are the only months available, or

(b) received Drought Help concessions, then exclude the months covered by the Drought Help concessions and use the nearest month before or after the restructure as appropriate, unless the months covered by the concession are the only months available.

TEST 4. Business had substantial increase in turnover (ie where prior year turnover is not representative of this year’s turnover/business operations)

(1) An entity applies the alternative test under this section if the entity had an increase in turnover of:

(a) 50% or more in the 12 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period, or

(b) 25% or more in the 6 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period, or

(c) 12.5% or more in the 3 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period.

(2) The alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity divides the 3 months’ current GST turnover by 3 and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) if the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity uses the 3 months' current GST turnover instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(3)  The 3 month’s current GST turnover is the total current GST turnover in the 3 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), if the entity:

(a) qualified for the ATO’s Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals, use the 3-month period before the Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals commenced to calculate the 3 months’ turnover, or

(b) received Drought Help concessions, use the 3 month period before this concession commenced to calculate the 3 months’ turnover.

TEST 5. Business affected by drought or natural disaster

(1) An entity applies the alternative test under this section if:

(a) the entity conducted business or some of the business in a declared drought zone, or declared natural disaster zone, during the relevant comparison period, and

(b) the drought or natural disaster changed the entity’s turnover.

(2) The alternative test is the entity uses the entity’s current GST turnover for the same period in the year immediately before the declaration for the purposes of the basic test in section 8 of the Rules. 

TEST 6. Business has an irregular turnover

(1) An entity applies the alternative test under this section if:

(a) for the quarters ending in the 12 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period, the entity’s lowest turnover quarter is no more than 50% of the highest turnover quarter, and

(b) the entity’s turnover is not cyclical.

(2) The alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity uses the average monthly current GST turnover instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) If the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity multiplies the average monthly current GST turnover by three and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(3) The average monthly current GST turnover is the current GST turnover for each whole month in the 12 months immediately before the applicable turnover test period added together and divided by 12.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), if the entity:

(a) qualified for the ATO’s Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals, then exclude the calendar months covered by the Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals from the calculation, or

(b) received Drought Help concessions, then exclude the months covered by the Drought Help concessions from the calculation.

TEST 7. Sole trader or small partnership with sickness, injury or leave

(1) An entity applies the alternative test under this section if:

(a) the entity is a sole trader or small partnership that has no employees

(b) the sole trader or at least one of the partners did not work for all or part of the relevant comparison period due to sickness, injury or leave, and

(c) the turnover of the sole trader or partnership was affected by the sole trader or partner not working for all or part of that period.

(2) The alternative test is:

(a) if the relevant comparison period is a calendar month, the entity uses the current GST turnover from the month immediately after the month in which sole trader or partner returned to work instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules, or

(b) if the relevant comparison period is a quarter, the entity multiplies the current GST turnover from the month immediately after the month in which the sole trader or partner returned to work by three and uses that figure instead of the entity’s current GST turnover in section 8 of the Rules.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), if the entity:

(a) qualified for the ATO’s Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals in the month immediately after the month in which the sickness, injury or leave occurred, then use the month immediately after the last month covered by the Bushfires 2019–2020 lodgment and payment deferrals, or

(b) received Drought Help concessions in the month immediately after the month in which the sickness, injury or leave occurred, then use the month immediately after the last month covered by the Drought Help concessions.


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